Electricity is arguably the most direct, simple, clean and sustainable source of power for practically all human-driven applications beyond the campfire.
Rooftop solar, solar thermal and geothermal with a policy that requires self sufficiency for all new residential construction would be a huge contribution toward reduction of atmospheric carbon.
At the same time, geothermal heat is arguably the most direct, simple, economic and sustainable means of generating electricity for base-load and grid-connected use. MIT's 2006 study makes a definitive case. Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) utilize advanced engineering refinements to reach and use the Earth's heat, directly from beneath each site, practically anywhere on earth. EGS plants produce no green house gas (GHG) emissions and are thus ideal candidates for replacing fossil fuel and nuclear plants and the Commodities Industrial Complex directly.
I am promoting a project to research, develop and model EGS for use in New York. This project would demonstrate how to exploit EGS to replace all fossil fuel, wind and solar for base-load electrical generation in our region and virtually anywhere within 30 or 40 years. Location of a research site and funding are priorities.
I have received encouraging response from local environmentalists, NYS legislators, Congressmembers, NYSERDA and DOE. See http://thnktnk.net/drill.html for further explication and references. See The New, New Deal for further explication and references.